All About Diabetes: Types, Causes and Prevention

Diabetes is one of the diseases caused by unhealthy consumption of food. This is a disease that is caused when the blood sugars rise above the normal level. It is caused when insulin which is released by the pancreas can not regulate the sugar level in the body. It is one of the dangerous diseases that need attention in our current society. This is a disease that has no cure hence needs prevention at all costs. However, this disease can be managed to avoid further problems and damages in the body.

Types of diabetes

There are different types of diabetes. They differ in a way but still the same in another manner. We have around three types of diabetes which are well known. These are:

Type 1 diabetes

This is a type of diabetes that is caused when your body is unable to produce insulin. This might be because your immune system attacks the pancreas and destroy the insulin-producing organelles. This will make the person suffering from this type of diabetes to fight for his or her life as they must take insulin to stay alive. It is common in children and also young adults but it can occur in any stage of life.

Type 2 diabetes

This is a type of diabetes that is caused when your body cannot make insulin or it does not use it well. This can occur in any stage of life but most common in middle-aged people.this is the most common type of diabetes.

Gestational diabetes

This is a type of diabetes that is common among pregnant women. I can term this type of diabetes as seasonal as it goes away after giving birth. However, someone who had this type of diabetes is at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future.

Effects of diabetes

Diabetes can develop other effects on the body if it is not managed. This might cause other complications that you did not think of.

Effects on the skin

This is one of the most important organs and also the largest one in the body. Diabetes can cause dehydration in the skin that can be very serious. This might eventually develop to cracks in your feet which might develop ulcers. If these ulcers are not treated then they might leed to loosing of the leg. If one develops ulcers in the foot then he or she must see the doctor with immediate effect.

Central nervous system

Diabetes can cause damage to your nerve cells which will be very dangerous. Damage to the nerve cells can alter the reaction of your body to external factors such as pain, heat, cold and other things. This might make the body less reactive to cuts which when not treated could cause serious infections in the body. Furthermore, this might cause swelling of the eye nerves which might pose a risk of becoming blind.

Reproductive organs

During pregnancy, some hormones are produced and they can lead to gestational diabetes. This might lead to effects on the bladder and Virginia. However, the mother might develop high blood pressure which is very risky to the child. Furthermore, the possibility of giving birth to an overweight child is very high and might be a problem during birth. There is a higher risk also of developing diabetes 2 later in life.

Prevention

To prevent this disease one has to have n healthy practice in food consumption. I strongly advise one to take food with high fiber content and low sugar levels as they are very important. However, one should take water as a primary drink. This is because water is very healthy and has no sugar content. You must also regulate the portions of food you take.

Talking a walk regularly or being in any physical activity is very important. It helps in the breakdown of sugars to energy which helps in regulating the body sugar levels.

Avoid smoking at all costs. Smoking has been linked to causing several diseases. Furthermore, research has found a link to diabetes 2. One should also ensure that they have sufficient vitamin D as they are linked to the regulation of blood sugars.

Treatment

Diabetes has no cure at the current time. Research is still going on trying to figure out the treatment of this disease. What our doctors normally do is managing this disease to prevent further complications. There are several medicines used to manage this disease. What I strongly suggest is prevention as it is cheaper. Prevention is always better than treatment.

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